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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 披露准确时间:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


全国两会中国国资金提问|怎样才能应对现实存在的挑战,中国国内地制做怎样才能🌺控制价格国际竞争力?——二会中国国内地市场经济提问之四


shougonglingshouyeshizhonghuajingjinenglishehuidejichu。2018zhijin,woguozhongjingjineng🌟lishehuihuinuanwenzhongyoujin,danyingduiyiyanggengfuzadeguojiyingwenxingshi、“tuogouleduanlian”dewaiguanzhongjitiaozhan,youguanxi“chanyehualianqianyi”“zhonghuashougongjiagongdeyoushibushi”deng🅘zayinkuaisu。


5ritiqingyianderenminxianzhengfugongzuoshangtongzhidanzhong,“xiadalicujinmuqianhuaxingyezhuangxiubiaozhunjibenjianshe,jiadafazhanfangxiangxinzhizhizuoli”pai🔴mingdi202duonianrenminxianzhengfugongzuoshangjirenwushouge,jiefanglelichangjiandingzhuqishitixingjingjinengligenbendemingxianshuzixinhao。


congpinggunachudexinzhibiaoxingongzuocuoℱshi,dao✤yiweiweiyuanhui、keyanzhuanjiaxueshengdengchuangzaodefanligushiqingjiehekaopujiangjie,zaidaojizhebuzaidiyixiandeqingjiaodiaoyanfangan,yaodangwomenduiguoneikaifaweichiliangxingjingzhengli,manzuwenyingjinzhanshangleyulaiyuqingximingledekanfarenqing。


对着大变局,自信心足弹性强


jiaoweifuzayanjunxingshidewaibianshineihuanjingxia,woguoyanzhiyeqiyedeweilaizoushibaoshouguanzhugongzhonghao。


“renmenbaochiqinggongyeshebeishebeirenkongzhiban、xiliesifuzhengtidengchuantonghua,zhengjiaokuaiqihangtuofuchesu,shengjishijie♋shichangjuyoulv。”yingkouxinsongshebeishebeirenzijihuazichanyouxianzhiyouxiangongsizongjiezhangjindaibiaoxingyongzigelifaxian,zaigaodufadaguo💛neidasibujutudeshebeishebeirenquyu,bahexinqugaojishuwolao、gongyelianzuoquan,“tangruofengjuancanyun,tongshiyenengwenbutuijinchixu”。


neishideqiyeziyoubojishimiandexiezhao,yeshizhongguoguoshengchanzhizaoduidaitiaozhansaidefengyunbianhuan。


qianwangzhengnian,zhiminghuanjingfenggaolangjiﷺ。diyuanwenhua、shijieqiangguoxianghuliangxingjingzhengdengpengzhuangfeichangbijiaotuchu,xianjinguojiadiqushengchanyeliuru,baxi、xinanyadengdiquyuchengbengaosuweilaifazhan,xianghuliangxingjingzhengxunsudaozhi。zheizhongshicongkeguanchansheng、yingdangbikaideshiji。dangran,changshuaiwomenxiandaishengchan、changshuaiwomenxiandaiquyuchengbendelundiaojiazazheidangzhong,shiyaoqiuzuojijubianzhengluojishenrufenxide。


guibitiaozhan、xingdongkenan,zhongguoguoshengchan🌠jiagonglingyutouzie、yihuomaoyitouzietixianleliangdeshidanghelitisheng,wending🅠xinggaochayeshichangshichangxianzhuangdezhengtishangwendingxinggao。


juguanlianguojiabuweiquanquanfuzerenxiang“chuzhangqudao”shangjieshaoyixia,202sinian,woguosuoyougongyeqiyejiadazhi🌠jiangjin30wanyimeijin,zhangdpde31.7%。yanfayeshichangguimolian🐭ji1lijingsinianjushichangdiyici。


“jinshu♑zi💞huacaichanwangluotixiguihuayingdegenbentupo”“pidaliangcaichanchuangxinxingchengguozhanfuheguojijiyiliujishushuiping”……zhongyangzhengfucaozuopinggubaogaodeyichanpinbiaoshi,tuxianchudaguojiashengchanjiagongdelaogubufa。


shishihuichuxianlerurimeisuochengde“fangchanlianzhuanruchao”ma?


buyichengren,shougongzuochengbendengguanjianyinsuhuiyingxiang,lingwaidelaodongjiuyejizhongxingpinpaidegongzuozhuanrangdaolingwaidefazhanzhongguodayoujia。ershi,zhuyaoshiyinweizhongguodayouyishendu.rongrushijieshidafujiazhilianzhizefengong,ernengyuduoshugongchangchechuzhongguodayouyouhuilaiba,huorengxuzhengxiankonghouguodayouyuanzhuangjinkoudaliangdeli🐭mianchanpinde。


“jibuyipiangaiquan,jianggetiguanjianjiaoxuehuanjiejiweiquanjuchengzhang ,haishiyaoꦜkandaolezheizaidangzhongjiachanchengzhang dezhuguananyuanze,tamendejiachanmuqianzaigaigechuangxinshengjiezhongsuzaojingzhengli。”taihexincaijituanwosijianjiegufenyouxianzerenwosifugongsilaozongzhangsongxiquandailiyifangzhiyeyejulizishuo,zhibuguogetijiagongzhizuoguanjianjiaoxuehuanjiezhuanzou,danquanjudiejiazhimuqianzaijiakuai。202jinian,benguogaonaimoxingdanxingxianweichanliangzhanquanzheigeshijiedebilvchaoguolesanfenqiuzhi1,202jinianmaoyieehuanbizengzhanglvlvzengzhanglv14.4%。


quanweikeshikeshishujuzhangxianzhangxian,dangqianzhuangkuangzai500zhongjutigongyeyuanchengpinzhong,geguoyouqichengzhishangchengpinzongchanyouliang👍juqianquan.qiudiyige,getihujisuanchuji、xiaomishouji、taiyangduinengweixingxudianchibandengyibufenrenfeichangzhongyaochengpinzongchanyouliangzhanquan.qiubanyezhishang。shengchanjiagongyeguimojiaozhanquan.qiubilvchaoguole30%。


🌟haoyanfajinengyeyuelaiyuekuaizhuanxing,jianggaojinengyanfajinengyedisanpinpaibujujindeyibujujidi。4jigefazhanzhongguojiahaoyanfajinengyejiqunshi、178jiafa🅰zhanzhongguojiagaoyuanququhengzongpudi,julianyiqun。tounian,chanshudisanpinpaidapeihezhenghexuexinenglidewuqiyanfajinengyekou13.4liuwanshangyirenminbi,“xinsanyang”chengpinkouchaoguowanshangyirenminbi。


“yiguonei xinshengwuzhinengyuanjiaocheweilizi,changxingquanqiukaodeshijiyi、gaozhilianghegenggaoxiaotuijindejia꧋gongyelian。”dongguanzhanganjiaochejianshihuichengyuanzhangzhuhuarongxiangzhengzheshuo,jiegouleixingshengjizhengxingchengshengchanyebiedegebiyaojilieli。


“guagouduanlian”chongxiledongbeidiquzaihuanqiuqiyelianxiaoshouliandeshenfenma?huarenyingzaotongyangshinianqingzuoda——


chiyougongtongguocaichanqunxi♉fenzhongsuoyouzhizaoyeleixing;zaiyouxiezhongdianfangmianhehexinniubeisaidaoshangshengchengerpiyouquancaichanqunlianliangxingnenglisuzhideshengjicaichanqun;yixuanyuzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”kehuzhu1.2yingjia,90%shangmiandeshiguochanwaiwenmingdakehuzhudeyitiꦓhuachangjiazhixiaoshang。


v꧅elitezhongqingquannengdianzichang🗹,linggoujianbendihualvchaoyue95%。velitezhuangxiugongsizhizuoyefujinglicaisonggangshuo,veliteyuguoneitigongshang“tongshenghezuogongying”。


agentinghuanqiupingtaifabiaowenzhang🐻cheng“quanqiuzhizaojishudeshuwanzhonglilunzhishichanpinbunengbunengdedaoyongzuochangjiazhixiaoshang”。quanqiuruidianxiehuiguoduanshijianqiantuisongde2023/23niandudeqishangyelouganjingshididiaochayijianshubiaoshi,jiangzhicaifangchangjiaxiangmuzaiwanghoukeliandeyanzhangzaihuatouzixiangmu,deyuanyinzhi1shichangjiazhixiaolianjianlijianquan、gexinligaishan。


“geweidedaowanchengdedisanchanyedekaifazhidu、hendadexingyede🦩guimodengyoushiyulieshi,zhizuoyeyezhangqixingchaozhehaodezui𒁃jishufenxishizhongjianshi。”quanqiudianziyuanqijianshujuxinxidisanchanyedekaifakaifakexueyanjiuyuansuozhuanjiazhanglibiaoshishuo,tashiquanqiuzhizuoyedezixinxianzai、yanzhanxingxianzai。


需要对挑战,始终保持“稳”的胆识


sishouyuanyouyoushikeyan,yaobaozheng“wen”deꦅpoli。kandaigeguodisanchanyejiegoushengchanshangliandahuanjingshendudesheding,chaojidaguoshengchanjiagongjiangyinggaizenyangyi“wen”yingdui?


——xianyaomianjiwen。“chixugongyeshengchantiaojianwendingxingjinxing”,zhengfubangongshibangongjihuashuxuanxielewenfazhandexianxingzhengceshuju。


gongyeshengchanshengchanhuahetupiangongye🎐shengchanshengchanhuabujuzhangjinzhuanglongzai8rilakaiweimudeshisijiequanqiurendachangweihuisancikaihui“juzhangduanxintongdao”shangshuodao,2020jiangshenruyanjiubanbu10dagaixingyewenzengzhangqizuogongzuogongzuozhidu,biaoyanggongyeshengchanshengchanhuaqiangsheng꧑、gongyeshengchanshengchanhuadashi“yongtiaohengliang”。


laoshifuwuyezaizhizuoye🐻bizhongchao80%,shixianhuahuafuwuyetixijianshededicai,deguanlianchengshikaifakaifaheguojiminshenggongcheng,zheishiwoguoshixianquanshijiediyimingzhizuoyedaguojiazhidejichupan,bunenggoujianglaoshifuwuyedangzuo“zhongduanfuwuye”feichangjiandantichu。baogaomobanmingquehuayixiezuopinshishi,guangfanxuanchuanyouliyulaoshifuwuyedezhenggaijiaqiang。


zaichuantongyuxiandaiqiyegejubiandong,laohuagongyejichufushunzhong🦩huanxinxueshengji。fushunshishengzhanggaojianyiweizheshuo,yezaijiansheguojigaokoujianzhifuhexingyuanwenjianliaojichu,bushuanpaixinzhuyaoyoushi。


——haiyoubiaozhunwangluotixiquan,zhangqibaochihaochanyedefazhanbiaozhunwangluotixidewanzhengde。


202wunian,shandongzhuangzuzizhiquan🐓qubaiseshixinshengtaijiankanglvwenhualiutongyezongchanzhigongke1200yirenminbi,moufazhanlvtukuangnengyuanchongpeijiegou🐬tezheng,bianchengconglvnengyuandaojingshenshengchanzhizaodeshangaiwenhualiutongyelian。


qingkuanghuibaoruxian“tigaodongbeichengshiꦇhezhongwaibuchengshishigongzizhizhuanrangdisanpinpaigenghuanxiaolv”,bingduiyuzhongkuodagaojizhizuoyejiqunshidengjiyuyanjiubushu。“zheijiangjinyidabushenrutuidongjianchengbankuaihelixingzuzhijiagou、liandiaofazhandedisanpinpaisheji。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguokexiangzhengzheshuo,baisezhengqinglituidongzhong—dongmengziyoumaoyiqudisanpinpaixiezuoqubaisejingjiquwangzhanjianshe,dingzhishigongzizhizhuanrangjingneilianhewaidisanpinpaigenghuandidai。


——zhongzailianlunqiang,zengjiacaichanjingzhengzheli。


qiyehedexinxihuajianshebubiaoxian,jiangjiadaliduܫluoshizhizuoyehexinwenhuachanyehualiangaochanpinliangdefazhanjinxing。yilianyice,bupingjing、duanzhangban、qiangdiji,ziliaowenhua𒁏chanyehualianpifashanglianyanzhanxinghejingzhengli。


“20๊18nian,wojiangxinyilunguandiaojiagongyexingyewaiguotouzizheshichangzhunrujianshaoanquancuoshi,yedasuanquanmiantuiguangdui🍰waikaifangzhilianwangshujukupingtaidengfujiazhi5gyewubumen。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


盯住契机,开发新质分娩力


cunzaixiangzhongyigepapoguokandezhiguanzhongyaokouan,guojiashenghaiziyaoyuelaiyuekuaixingchenglexinzhishenghaizili。


zhengfujiguangongzuotongzhidanduteqiangdiao“chedidefahuixinxingdejuguojizhiyouyuexing,zhouquandafutishengzizhuhuajishuchuangxinshuiping”。cong“🌸zengfujibentiaojianyanjiufenxixitongruanjiangongnengfenqu”dao“zhizhiyoudiweideshangjiazhubanxingzhongdaxiangmukejigongguangongzuorenwu”,tongzhidanqiangdiaoyixinghaoxinjucuo。


zhongshi,haochanpincongyanfaxiangmuguanlidaofenmiandebijinglvcheng。yuanyinjinxingjiaogao,tingduoqiyedepinfazhongshiteꦕxing。miaozhunnayi“tupodian”,shujumingxian“kuaisuzengzhangtedazhishujibendesheshitixizhonghuagongnengfenqu,quanmiantuijinguanlianxingzhishugongsi、zhongxianchangshiyanzhenggongsijichujianshe”。


zhonggong𝄹yehexiangguan🔜gongyehuabujiuzaijinnianjiangyanxuzhidinghaokexuedaliangzichabaogaoheshengjizhongdiankeyansheji,xiangmujiansheyizhibuweigongzuoqiyequchuangxingongsi,fazhanqianjingfangxianggaokexue,kongzhilingyuhua,tigaofazhanqianjingfangxiangxinzhigongzuoli。


jijuxingxinfuwuye、weilaifuwuye,peiyangrencaigengjiaxinyinshisaidao。


“jijizhudongxiangshangsuzaoshengwuzhipindazao、shangyequanhangtiankeji、dikongshenghuodengxinkaizhangqicheyinqing”“kaifaliangzijishugongyi、shengmingtupiankexuehelidengxinbi⛄saichang”“chuangjianjiyaweilailiutongyequnxiandaoqu”……yijianshujinjinweiraojijizhudongxiangshangpeiyangxinqiliutongye🏅qunheweilailiutongyequn,chuangxinjucuoshi、anpaixi。


“chengweifazhanzhuangdazhudongquan,jiaozhushuipinggaodibiran༺qushi。”foshangaodehongwaigufensiyouxiansisidongඣshihuizhanghuangliyiweishuo,jinniandekehuyaozaidikongjingjinengli、naojichakongdengquyufalidian。


huaxuegongyeheshujuxinxihuajianshebuzhuguanrendaibiao,jiangbiankuaiqianduandejiqiaohetongyixingdejiqiaotigongle、fanyuyoushiyulieshizhongxiaoqiye、jindiyibuyouhuacaichanlianziranshengtai。zaizhongguoweilaicaichanliangongzuofangmian,bachangyongrenweizhihui、renxinggongjuren、naojiusbjiekoudengzuoweixiadiyibuzhongyaobujutudefangfa。zhunshifabudeqianduandejiqiaotuiguangxuanꦗchuanwenjianmulu,weiraozhe zhongyaoxingyedingzhiyingyunceshichang,biankuaicaichanlianfanyu。


nazhushuzhijiyuqi,gaosudu“rengongkefuzhinenghua+”。


benguojianshewangongzhongguoshichangguimoxingzuihaodezixungoutongshujuwangluo,xianꦕkagonghaoshichangguimoxingzhongguodiyi,guangfanxinglingrengandongdeshuzi1quanqiuhuashichanshengyeshengjixitongdezuiqiangdaqierudianzucheng。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘🔜shi’shijiagongyeqiyezhanlvezhuanxingdebixu,yeshigoujianzhuanxingxinyoulieshideshouyao。”ztezhongxingtongxinwangluogupiaojiageyouxiandanweiyingwendanweicengjifufuheizongcaicaimiaoweidaibiaoyingyushuo🦩,yonghaozuixinxingyanfadegongju,youyouxinxinzuoqianglilunzhishi、qiangzhuajiyuqi、suoduanzhuanxing。

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